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J Chromatogr A. 2007 Dec 14;1175(1):89-95. Epub 2007 Oct 18. PubMed; doi 10.1016/j.chroma.2007.10.034

Chiral high-performance liquid chromatography analysis of alpha-amino acid mixtures using a novel SH reagent--N-R-mandelyl-L-cysteine and traditional enantiomeric thiols for precolumn derivatization.

Chernobrovkin, M. G.; Shapovalova, E. N.; Guranda, D. T.; Kudryavtsev, P. A.; Svedas, V. K.; Shpigun, O. A.

Several chiral thiols, i.e. traditionally used enantiomerically pure SH reagents and novel N-R-mandelyl-L-cysteine (R-NMC) containing additional chiral center, have been applied as co-reagents in precolumn derivatization with o-phthalaldehyde for enantiomeric HPLC analysis of individual alpha-amino acids and their mixtures. The R-NMC-derived isoindoles as well as adducts with other thiols have a characteristic absorption maximum at 340 nm, and are highly fluorescent allowing detection of 10 microg/l of an amino acid. Investigated 19 amino acids were analyzed separately and in a mixture by a gradient HPLC after precolumn derivatization. The chromatographic behavior of formed isoindoles substantially differs for each of the thiols used for modification. In contrast to traditional enantiomeric thiols application of diastereomeric R-NMC provides higher resolution for alpha-amino acid enantiomers, with L,D-elution order (except for Arg). Combined use of R-NMC and other thiol enlarges the possibilities of this method, allowing accurate chiral analysis of complex amino acid mixtures.


  Московский Государственный Университет имени М.В.Ломоносова

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