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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2008 May;1784(5):736-46. PubMed; doi 10.1016/j.bbapap.2008.01.016

Thermodynamic and kinetic stability of penicillin acylase from Escherichia coli.

Grinberg, V. Y.; Burova, T. V.; Grinberg, N. V.; Shcherbakova, T. A.; Guranda, D. T.; Chilov, G. G.; Svedas, V. K.

Thermal denaturation of penicillin acylase (PA) from Escherichia coli has been studied by high-sensitivity differential scanning calorimetry as a function of heating rate, pH and urea concentration. It is shown to be irreversible and kinetically controlled. Upon decrease in the heating rate from 2 to 0.1 K min(-1) the denaturation temperature of PA at pH 6.0 decreases by about 6 degrees C, while the denaturation enthalpy does not change notably giving an average value of 31.6+/-2.1 J g(-1). The denaturation temperature of PA reaches a maximum value of 64.5 degrees C at pH 6.0 and decreases by about of 15 degrees C at pH 3.0 and 9.5. The pH induced changes in the denaturation enthalpy follow changes in the denaturation temperature. Increasing the urea concentration causes a decrease in both denaturation temperature and enthalpy of PA, where denaturation temperature obeys a linear relation. The heat capacity increment of PA is not sensitive to the heating rate, nor to pH, and neither to urea. Its average value is of 0.58+/-0.02 J g(-1) K(-1). The denaturation transition of PA is approximated by the Lumry-Eyring model. The first stage of the process is assumed to be a reversible unfolding of the alpha-subunit. It activates the second stage involving dissociation of two subunits and subsequent denaturation of the beta-subunit. This stage is irreversible and kinetically controlled. Using this model the temperature, enthalpy and free energy of unfolding of the alpha-subunit, and a rate constant of the irreversible stage are determined as a function of pH and urea concentration. Structural features of the folded and unfolded conformation of the alpha-subunit as well as of the transition state of the PA denaturation in aqueous and urea solutions are discussed.



 


  Московский Государственный Университет имени М.В.Ломоносова



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Московского Государственного Университета имени М.В.Ломоносова


 





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