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Am J Hum Genet. 2008 Jul;83(1):94-8. PubMed; doi 10.1016/j.ajhg.2008.05.017

Positive selection in alternatively spliced exons of human genes.

Ramensky, V. E.; Nurtdinov, R. N.; Neverov, A. D.; Mironov, A. A.; Gelfand, M. S.

Alternative splicing is a well-recognized mechanism of accelerated genome evolution. We have studied single-nucleotide polymorphisms and human-chimpanzee divergence in the exons of 6672 alternatively spliced human genes, with the aim of understanding the forces driving the evolution of alternatively spliced sequences. Here, we show that alternatively spliced exons and exon fragments (alternative exons) from minor isoforms experience lower selective pressure at the amino acid level, accompanied by selection against synonymous sequence variation. The results of the McDonald-Kreitman test suggest that alternatively spliced exons, unlike exons constitutively included in the mRNA, are also subject to positive selection, with up to 27% of amino acids fixed by positive selection.



 


  Московский Государственный Университет имени М.В.Ломоносова



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Московского Государственного Университета имени М.В.Ломоносова


 





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