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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2011 Oct;1814(10):1234-45. PubMed; doi 10.1016/j.bbapap.2011.05.017

Aggregation and structural changes of alpha(S1)-, beta- and kappa-caseins induced by homocysteinylation.

Stroylova, Y. Y.; Zimny, J.; Yousefi, R.; Chobert, J. M.; Jakubowski, H.; Muronetz, V. I.; Haertle, T.

Elevated homocysteine levels are resulting in N-homocysteinylation of lysyl residues in proteins and they correlate with a number of human pathologies. However, the role of homocysteinylation of lysyl residues is still poorly known. In order to study the features of homocysteinylation of intrinsically unstructured proteins (IUP) bovine caseins were used as a model. alpha(S1)-, beta- and kappa-caseins, showing different aggregations and micelle formation, were modified with homocysteine-thiolactone and their physico-chemical properties were studied. Efficiency of homocysteine incorporation was estimated to be about 1.5, 2.1 and 1.3 homocysteyl residues per one beta-, alpha(S1)-, and kappa-casein molecule, respectively. Use of intrinsic and extrinsic fluorescent markers such as Trp, thioflavin T and ANS, reveal structural changes of casein structures after homocysteinylation reflected by an increase in beta-sheet content, which in some cases may be characteristic of amyloid-like transformations. CD spectra also show an increase in beta-sheet content of homocysteinylated caseins. Casein homocysteinylation leads in all cases to aggregation. The sizes of aggregates and aggregation rates were dependent on homocysteine thiolactone concentration and temperature. DLS and microscopic studies have revealed the formation of large aggregates of about 1-3mum. Homocysteinylation of alpha(S1)- and beta-caseins results in formation of regular spheres. Homocysteinylated kappa-casein forms thin unbranched fibrils about 400-800nm long. In case of kappa-casein amyloidogenic effect of homocysteinylation was confirmed by Congo red spectra. Taken together, data indicate that N-homocysteinylation provokes significant changes in properties of native caseins. A comparison of amyloidogenic transformation of 3 different casein types, belonging to the IUP protein family, shows that the efficiency of amyloidogenic transformation upon homocysteinylation depends on micellization capacity, additional disulphide bonds and other structural features.



 


  Московский Государственный Университет имени М.В.Ломоносова



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Факультет биоинженерии и биоинформатики, комната 433.

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© 2011 Факультет биоинженерии и биоинформатики
Московского Государственного Университета имени М.В.Ломоносова


 





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