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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013 Oct;1830(10):4800-5. PubMed; doi 10.1016/j.bbagen.2013.06.024

Effect of poly(phosphate) anions on glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase structure and thermal aggregation: comparison with influence of poly(sulfoanions).

Semenyuk, P. I.; Muronetz, V. I.; Haertle, T.; Izumrudov, V. A.

BACKGROUND: It is well documented that poly(sulfate) and poly(sulfonate) anions suppress protein thermal aggregation much more efficiently than poly(carboxylic) anions, but as a rule, they denature protein molecules. In this work, a polymer of different nature, i.e. poly(phosphate) anion (PP) was used to elucidate the influence of phosphate groups on stability and thermal aggregation of the model enzyme glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH). METHODS: Isothermal titration calorimetry and differential scanning calorimetry were used for studying the protein-polyanion interactions and the influence of bound polyanions on the protein structure. The enzymatic activity of GAPDH and size of the complexes were measured. The aggregation level was determined from the turbidity. RESULTS: Highly polymerized PP chains were able to suppress the aggregation completely, but at significantly higher concentrations as compared with poly(styrenesulfonate) (PSS) or dextran sulfate chains of the same degree of polymerization. The effect of PP on the enzyme structure and activity was much gentler as opposed to the binding of dextran sulfate or, especially, PSS that denatured GAPDH molecules with the highest efficacy caused by short PSS chains. These findings agreed well with the enhanced affinity of polysulfoanions to GAPDH. CONCLUSIONS: The revealed trends might help to illuminate the mechanism of control of proteins functionalities by insertion of charged groups of different nature through posttranslational modifications. GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Practical implementation of the results could be the use of PP chains as promising tools to suppress the proteins aggregation without noticeable loss in the enzymatic activity.


  Московский Государственный Университет имени М.В.Ломоносова

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